Community paramedic trial rethinks role within regional healthcare – ABC News

Getting basic healthcare in regional Australia sometimes can be hard. A community paramedic trial in Victoria is rethinking the profession’s role and aims to ease the strain on doctors and nurses.
— Read on www.abc.net.au/news/2021-09-22/community-paramedic-trial-in-victoria/100479232

Pre-hospital management of penetrating neck injuries: a scoping review of current evidence and guidance | Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine | Full Text

Penetrating injuries to the neck pose a unique challenge to clinicians due to the proximity of multiple significant anatomical structures with little protective soft tissue coverage. Injuries to this area, whilst low in incidence, are potentially devastating. Respiratory, vascular, gastro-oesophageal and neurological structures may all be involved, either in isolation or combination. These injuries are particularly difficult to manage in the resource poor, often austere and/or remote, pre-hospital environment. A systematic scoping review of the literature was conducted to evaluate the current available research pertaining to managing this injury profile, prior to the patient arriving in the emergency department. The available research is discussed in sections based on the commonly used trauma management acronym ‘cABCD’ (catastrophic haemorrhage, Airway, Breathing, Circulation, Disability) to facilitate a systematic approach and clinical evaluation familiar to clinicians. Based on the available reviewed evidence, we have proposed a management algorithm for this cohort of patients. From this we plan to instigate a Delphi process to develop a consensus statement on the pre-hospital management of this challenging presentation.
— Read on sjtrem.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13049-021-00949-4

PHARM podcast Episode 238 Prehospital care of severe facial trauma

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The impact of routine pulse oximetry use on outcomes in COVID-19-infected patients at increased risk of severe disease: A retrospective cohort analysis | Nematswerani | South African Medical Journal

The impact of routine pulse oximetry use on outcomes in COVID-19-infected patients at increased risk of severe disease: A retrospective cohort analysis
— Read on www.samj.org.za/index.php/samj/article/view/13397

Bringing the resuscitation room to the scene of the accident

A 112 call comes in. A person has been seriously injured. Aware every second counts in the critical first hour, emergency agencies mobilise …
— Read on www.irishexaminer.com/lifestyle/healthandwellbeing/arid-40345706.html

Pediatric Prehospital Advanced Airway Management by Anesthesiologist and Nurse Anesthetist Staffed Critical Care Teams – PubMed

This study observed a high overall prehospital TI success rate in children with relatively few associated complications and short time on scene, despite the challenges presented by the pediatric prehospital TI.
— Read on pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34254579/

Incidence and challenges of helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS) rescue missions with helicopter hoist operations: analysis of 11,228 daytime and nighttime missions in Switzerland – PubMed

Nearly 20 % of patients who needed to be evacuated by a hoist were severely injured, and complex and lifesaving medical interventions were necessary before the HHO procedure. Therefore, only adequately trained and experienced medical crew members should accompany HHO missions.
— Read on pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34253244/

Focused ultrasound in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest by advanced paramedics | Journal Of Paramedic Practice

Background:
This study describes and evaluates advanced paramedic practitioner (APP) use of focused cardiac ultrasound (FoCUS) in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), and relates ultrasound findings with decisions to terminate resuscitation. The authors report characteristics of patients who do/do not undergo a FoCUS examination by APPs, ultrasound probe positions used and whether FoCUS findings were associated with decisions to terminate resuscitation or to convey patients to an emergency department (ED) with ongoing resuscitation.
Method:
A retrospective, observational cohort study of all adult medical OHCA patients attended by APPs in Greater London during 2018 was carried out using data from emergency medical services (EMS) and APP databases.
Results:
Twenty-eight APPs attended 1444 OHCA patients in 2018, of whom 744 underwent FoCUS. The subcostal probe position was used most frequently (74%), followed by the parasternal long axis (19%), with significantly smaller use of the parasternal short axis and apical windows. Absence of spontaneous cardiac motion (SCM) was associated with resuscitation being terminated (333 out of 391; 85%) and the presence of SCM was associated with conveyance to the emergency department (213 out of 264 patients; 80%). All decisions to terminate resuscitation were within the APP scope of practice.
Conclusion:
The authors believe this is the largest prehospital study involving FoCUS in OHCA. An association between FoCUS findings and decisions made to either convey patients to hospital or terminate resuscitation was found. The SC window was most used and ROLE decisions were deemed to be in accordance with local guidance and practice.
— Read on www.paramedicpractice.com/features/article/focused-ultrasound-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-by-advanced-paramedics

Tracheal intubation in microgravity: a simulation study comparing direct laryngoscopy and videolaryngoscopy† – British Journal of Anaesthesia

Tracheal intubation in microgravity: a simulation study comparing direct laryngoscopy and videolaryngoscopy† – British Journal of Anaesthesia
— Read on bjanaesthesia.org/article/S0007-0912(19)30935-3/fulltext